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STEPS animated people models queuing before boarding an escalator Shopping Mall in STEPS pedestrian modelling software

STEPS simulating pedestrian dynamics

Building Density in STEPS pedestrian modelling software

Simulation modes

STEPS offers a full capability in both normal operations and evacuation. It also provides the ability to switch from one mode to another during the simulation, allowing the user to model phased evacuations.

Simulating evacuation

  • Evacuation or transition from normal operations to the evacuation process (e.g. to simulate phased building evacuations)

  • Import smoke data from CFD and zone models (Fluent, FDS, CFX and CFAST)

  • Pre-movement time distributions

  • Time dependent blockages, such as an exit obstructed due to smoke

Simulating normal operations

  • Routing of movement based on user defined objectives

  • Waiting zones for replicating behaviour at ticket machines, platforms, information points, pedestrian junctions and retail outlets

  • Objectives and waiting criteria based on stochastic choices or local conditions, such as queue length, density or train arrival

  • Advanced lift modelling based on CIBSE Guide D

Benefits of using STEPS

  • Reduction of socio-economic costs, making designs sustainable
  • Savings on construction costs by optimising design
  • More pleasant environment for occupants or users
  • Assistance in emergency egress management
  • Maximisation of revenue from retail and advertising through footfall analysis

Robust analysis of pedestrian dynamics

STEPS permits professionals such as transport planners, fire engineers and architects, to evaluate building designs and operational processes in a robust and scientific manner. The software is capable of simulating pedestrian movement and behaviour in relation to a diverse range of buildings and built environments.

Project examples

Airport and ferry terminals

  • Manchester Airport, Manchester, UK
  • Delhi Airport, Delhi, India
  • UK port and airport passenger security screening study, UK

Rail, metro and light-rail

  • Melbourne Metro, Australia
  • Doha Metro, Qatar
  • Sydney Metro, Australia
  • Heathrow Terminal 5 Station and Transit System, London, UK
  • Kuala Lumpur Metro, Malaysia
  • Los Angeles Metro, USA
  • Dubai Metro, UAE
  • Grand Central Station, New York, USA
  • Rotterdam Metro, Rotterdam, The Netherlands
  • Padilla Station, Maracaibo, Venezuela
  • AMTRAK stations, USA
  • Birmingham New Street Station, Birmingham, UK
  • World Trade Center Transportation Hub, New York, USA
  • Stansted Airport Station, Essex, UK
  • Delhi Metro (Line 2 – multiple stations), Delhi, India
  • Amsterdam North-South Metro Line, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Pinheiros Metro Station, Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • 2nd Avenue Subway, New York, USA
  • Taipei Main Station, Taipei City, Taiwan
  • MTR Sha Tin to Central Link, Hong Kong

Stadia and major event venues

  • New Yankee Stadium, New York, USA
  • London 2012 Olympic Park Access Portals, London, UK
  • Shanghai 2010 Expo Corporation Pavilion, China
  • Liverpool Football Club, Anfield Stadium, UK
  • Swedbank Arena, Solna, Sweden
  • Skelleftea Kraft Arena, Skelleftea, Sweden
  • Wembley Stadium, London, UK
  • Adelaide Oval, Adelaide, Australia
  • International Centre for Life, Newcastle, UK

Commercial and residential high-rise buildings

  • Belle van Zuylen Tower, Utrecht, The Netherlands
  • Kollachi Enclave Tower, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Manchester Civil Justice Centre, Manchester, UK
  • Bahrain City Centre Mall, Manama, Kingdom of Bahrain

Schools and educational buildings

  • Quintin Kynaston School, London, UK
  • University of Ulster, Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Tower Hamlets Schools, London, UK
  • Marriotts and Lonsdale School, Hertfordshire, UK
  • Kingswood School, Corby, UK
  • Newcastle Schools, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, UK

Urban and built environments

  • King's Waterfront development, Liverpool, UK
  • Orting Town, Washington, USA
  • Stonehenge Tunnel, Wiltshire, UK
  • West Croydon, Croydon, UK
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